In a survey, many transgender Americans experience economic hardship and stigma

The largest survey of transgender and nonbinary people’s experiences to date found that they face high rates of harassment and unemployment. The statistics show a persistent pattern of discrimination during a period when state legislatures nationwide have enacted legislation limiting their access to sports facilities, health care, and other facilities.

The results are from the U.S. Transgender Survey, which has been a valuable resource for numerous scholars and decision-makers since its launch in 2011. The most recent version of the survey was conducted in late 2022 by the advocacy group the the National Center for Transgender Equality, and over 92,000 Americans who identify as transgender or nonbinary and who are 16 years of age or older, representing every state in the US, responded.

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The entire study is anticipated later this year. On Wednesday, the group issued an initial analysis of the 600 poll questions.

The survey cannot be considered representative of the transgender community as a whole because it was not distributed to a random sample of transgender individuals. Also, a large portion of respondents (43%) were between the ages of 18 and 24.

economic hardship

Nevertheless, the number of responses was more than three times higher than it was in 2015, the last time the poll was carried out, with 28,000 participants.

At a news conference, Sandy James, an attorney and the new survey’s principal researcher, remarked, “You don’t see data sets like this.” “Thousands of transgender people understood how important it was for them to be heard.”

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A large number of responders mentioned having financial difficulties. A third of poll participants reported having been homeless at some point in their lives, and 18% of respondents claimed they were unemployed, which is significantly higher than the national average. Due to exorbitant charges, over 25% of respondents said they did not consult a doctor when they should have in the preceding year.

Three percent of poll participants claimed they had experienced violent attacks in the past year due to, while almost one-third stated they had experienced verbal harassment.

However, many also spoke about satisfying experiences. Nearly 94 percent of respondents, by far, claimed that they were happier with their lives as a result of transitioning. Ninety-eight percent of people on hormone therapy reported feeling happier with their lives as a result of the therapies.

transgender Americans

State legislatures have become significantly more antagonistic toward L.G.B.T.Q. individuals since the 2015 poll, imposing limitations on health care for minors and adults, gender identity on legal papers, library books, restroom access, and participation in sports in schools. Nearly 400 such measures are currently being considered by state legislatures, according to the American Civil Liberties Union.

Because to restrictive bills that their state had enacted or introduced, over half of the respondents to the 2022 survey stated that they had contemplated moving in the preceding year, and 5% indicated they had already moved. Of those who experienced significant psychological suffering in the preceding 30 days, 44% did so.

Though a detailed comparison of the data has not yet been conducted by the group, Dr. James stated that the results appear to be mostly consistent with the 2015 findings.

“A stable environment has been established that prevents people from thriving,” Dr. James stated. “And just like everyone else in the United States, trans people are attempting to move through their lives.”

More than 8,000 of the total respondents in the 2022 poll were 16 and 17-year-olds, making it the first study to include this age group. Adolescents will be included in the study that is released later this year, but they were left out of several other analyses in the preliminary report, such as those that dealt with their experiences receiving medical treatments.

Sixty percent of students reported experiencing discrimination at school, including being prohibited from using pronouns, names, or bathrooms that corresponded with their gender identification, as well as verbal and physical abuse and cyberbullying. Additionally, compared to adults, minors were more likely to report having family members who did not support their gender identification, and 5% of them reported experiencing violence from family members as a result.

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